Scott Long For almost 25 years, Scott Long has campaigned to strengthen international human rights protections around sexuality and gender. He has documented and advocated against grave abuses in countries including Albania, Egypt, Hungary, Iraq, Jamaica, Romania, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and the United States. From 1997-2002 he worked as Advocacy Director and Program Director for the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC). There helped persuade UN human rights mechanisms to take up sexual orientation and gender identity issues for the first time. In 2003 he founded the LGBT Rights Division at Human Rights Watch, the first such program in a “mainstream” international human rights organization, and directed it until 2010. He is the author of numerous human rights reports, academic articles, and a forthcoming book on sexuality and human rights. Long holds a Ph.D. in English and American literature from Harvard University, has served as a fellow in the Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School, and from 1992-4 was a Senior Fulbright Lecturer in American Literature at Babes-Bolyai University in Romania. He blogs at www.paper-bird.net.